Prevalence of Theileria/Babesia Species in Ruminants in Burdur Province of Turkey

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Kose, Onur
Bilgic, Huseyin Bilgin
Bakirci, Serkan
Karagenc, Tulin
Adanir, Ramazan
Yukari, Bayram Ali
Eren, Hasan
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Purpose Theileriosis and babesiosis, two tick-borne haemoparasitic diseases (TBHDs) of ruminants, are caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Theileria and Babesia , respectively. Among them, some species are considered to be highly pathogenic causing serious economic losses to livestock holders especially in tropic and subtropic regions. Local and/or general control measures are needed to be applied to reduce economic impact of TBHDs. Prevalence studies are essential for the implementation and/or design of effective prevention and control measures based on true epidemiological data. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the presence, prevalence and possible cross infections of Theileria / Babesia species between sheep, goat and cattle herds in Burdur province in Turkey. Methods A total of 964 blood samples were collected from sheep ( n  = 330), goat ( n  = 300) and cattle ( n  = 334) from five different districts of Burdur province. The samples were investigated for ovine and bovine Theileria / Babesia species using reverse line blot (RLB) hybridization assay. Results In small ruminants, T. ovis was the most abundant Theileria species detected in sheep with a rate of 79.69%. Among Babesia species, B. ovis and B. crassa were detected only in blood of goats (0.66%) and sheep (1.12%) as single and mixed infections, respectively. In cattle, T. annulata , B. bovis , Babesia  spp. were detected in rates of 0.59%, 3.29%, 3.59%, respectively. Conclusion Obtained results clearly indicated that no cross infections with Theileria / Babesia species occurred in small ruminant and cattle herds that use the same grazing area.